Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 20 No. 2 2024, pp. 41-49 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2024 by Shahrajabian and Sun

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Five Plants Used in the Traditional Asian Medicine, Their Functional Phytochemicals and Medicinal Properties

Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian and Wenli Sun

1 Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China


Received January 21, 2024

The interest toward natural components in treatment and prevention of several diseases such as diabetes, cancer, coronary disease, arthritis, etc. have been increased in recent years. Common thistle is an annual/biennial broad-leaf weed which is rich in insulin, a starch which passes directly through the digestive system. Its root in diuretic, tonic, antiphlogistic, astringent and hepatic in traditional medicine as well as an important remedy for toothache. Ramsons is an erect perennial native to Eurasia and the most notable pharmacological benefits of ramsons are antibacterial activity, treats stomach problems, useful for chronic disease, many benefits for blood pressure and high cholesterol, appropriate for skin, suitable for inflammations and infections, aids in detoxification, ameliorate aggravations and allergies. The outstanding pharmacological benefits of lychee is helping to remove blemishes and reduce sunburns, to prevent signs of aging, promoting hair growth and providing a distinct shine, prevention of cataracts, anticancer effects, improve digestion, promoting cardiovascular health, regulating blood circulation, anti-influenza activity, anti-inflammatory activity, preventing blood vessel rupture, strengthening bones, increasing the libido and preventing anemia. The most notable health benefits of five flavor berries are increasing energy, anti-inflammatory activity, improving muscular activity, improving vision, increasing cellular health, and preventing liver disease, premature aging and protection against diabetes, radiation, and regulation of blood glucose levels, improve mental health, modulating blood pressure, improving digestion and preventing infection. Ajwain oil has a wide range of pharmaceutical applications such as antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, nematicidal, stomachic, carminative, antiseptic, aromatic, digestive, antiseptic, and emmenagogue activities. The present review aims to present some of the most important pharmacological and health benefits five important medicinal plants in traditional Asian medicine which can be studied more due to their valuable chemical components to prevent and treatment of diseases.

Key words:    Ajwain; Common Thistle; Five Flavor Berry; Lychee; Natural Products: Ramsons; Traditional Chinese Medicine

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