Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 20 No. 2 2024, pp. 157-164 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2024 by Malathi and Janice

Full text in PDF Download to Citation Manager Permanent url

Molecular insights of Circadian Rhythm in Chilopoda

Malathi R.* and Janice Marianne John

1 Department of Life Sciences, Kristu Jayanti College, K. Narayanapura, Kothanur, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560077, India


Received February 27, 2024

The control of the sleep-wake cycle as well as several physiological and behavioral processes in living things depends on circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms are regulated by internal biological clocks that coordinate with environmental stimuli like light and temperature. The significance of circadian rhythms in organisms is emphasized because they support the maintenance of equilibrium between internal and external environments. They have an impact on functions like cellular growth, hormone production, reproduction, and tissue regeneration. Melatonin, cortisol, vasopressin, acetylcholine, insulin, leptin, and body temperature all have an impact on the circadian rhythm. The transcriptional and translational feedback loops formed by a network of genes and proteins are thought to represent the biochemical basis of circadian rhythms. Retinal light exposure is the main factor in the circadian clock's regulation. It is said that Chilopods in particular are nocturnal creatures whose circadian cycles are impacted by environmental cues like light and temperature. Chilopods' circadian rhythms influence many facets of their physiology and behavior, and the timing of necrosis, apoptosis, and autophagy in connection to the day/night cycle has been researched in Chilopods. Also described are the experimental techniques and methodologies utilized to explore Chilopoda circadian cycles. These comprise field research and sample collecting, lab studies utilizing histological and histochemical procedures, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and other staining techniques. The discussion of factors affecting Chilopoda circadian rhythms has a particular emphasis on light-dark cycles and entrainment. Chilopods synchronize their internal clocks with the external light-dark cycles, and exposure to light is essential for this process. The rate of physiological processes and the timing of circadian oscillations are also influenced by temperature, which is another element that affects Chilopoda circadian rhythms. This study gives a broad summary of the traits, biological basis, experimental approaches, and variables affecting Chilopoda circadian rhythms.

Key words:    Chilopoda, circadian rhythm, environment cues, hormones, melatonin, day/night cycle

Back to issue content
интернет статистика
Free blog