Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 19 No. 1 2023, pp. 97-104  ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2022 by Basel Saleh

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Phytochemical Analysis of Two Achillea (Asteraceae) Species Using GC/MS Technique

Basel Saleh*

1 Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, P.O. Box 6091, Damascus, Syria.


Received September 29, 2022

Wild Achillea aleppica DC and Achillea arabica Kotschy flowering, aromatic and perennial herbs, grown in the Middle-Southern regions of Syria were assessed for their ethanolic and acetonic aerial parts extracts phytochemical analysis based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis. Overall, GC/MS chromatogram revealed that the 9-Octadecenamide, (Z)- (41.656% and 61.097%) and Hexadecanamide (36.542% and 20.238%) were the most abundant compounds for ethanolic and acetonic A. aleppica aerial parts extracts, respectively. Whereas, 9-Octadecenamide, (Z)- (41.280% and 53.990%) and Hexadecanamide (30.828% and 14.445%) were the most abundant compounds for ethanolic and acetonic A. Arabica aerial parts extracts, respectively. This study could consider as the first report highlights A. aleppica and A. arabica extracts phytochemical analysis.

Key words:    Achillea aleppica, Achillea arabica (Achillea biebersteinii), Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), Phytochemical analysis, 9-Octadecenamide, (Z)-

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