Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 17 No. 3 2021, pp. 61-69 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2021 by  Al-Bachir and Koudsi

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Fatty Acid Profile of Oil Extracted from Irradiated and Un-Irradiated Kernel of Cherry Seeds

Al-Bachir*1, M. and Koudsi2, A

1 Radiation Technology Dep. Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Syria, Damascus, P.O. Box 6091
2 Faculty of Medical, Damascus University, Syria, Damascus, P.O. Box 6091


Received March 30, 2021

The aim of this work was to compare the fatty acid (FA) composition of oil from irradiated and un-irradiated cherry kernels (ChK). Cherry kernel were exposed to radiation doses of 0, 3 and 6 kGy of gamma irradiation covering the range for insect/pest disinfestations and for microbial load. The FA composition of cherry kernel oil (ChKO) was analyzed with using gas chromatography analysis. Oleic acid (C18:1) was consistently present in the highest quantity with averaged 51.07% of the total FA. The FA existing in second highest quantity was linoleic acid (C18:2) showing 38.03% on the average, followed by palmitic acid (C16:0) averaged 7.71%, stearic acid (C18:0) averaged 2.41%, palmitic acid (C16:1) averaged 0.42%, and linolenic acid (C:18:3) averaged 0.38%. indicating that it can be used for human consumption. In the present study, Palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acid, SFA and USFA were not affected by irradiation or storing. Conclusively, the ChKO may have sufficient oil volume potential to be used as edible (domestic) and industrial oil.

Key words:    Fatty acids, cherry kernel oil, gamma irradiation, storage, gas chromatography

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