Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 16 No. 2 2020, pp. 13-21 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2020 by  Panda, Sahoo, Behera, Barik and Nayak

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Leaf Photochemical Activity and Antioxidant Protection in Selected Hill Rice Genotypes of Koraput, India in Relation to Aluminum (Al3+) Stress

Debabrata Panda1*, Ritesh S. Sahoo1, Prafulla K. Behera1, Jijnasa Barik1 and Jayanta K. Nayak2 

1 Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources, Central University of Orissa, Koraput-764 021, Odisha, India
2 Department of Anthropology, Central University of Orissa, Koraput-764 021, Odisha, India


Received January 12, 2020

Genetic variation for Aluminum (Al3+) tolerance is prerequisite for developing cultivars with improved tolerance to Al3+ stress. The present study aims to assess genotypic variability of growth, photosynthesis along with antioxidant defense in popular hill rice landraces of Koraput, India under different concentrations of Al3+ and compare the responses with modern rice varieties to identify Al3+ tolerant rice genotypes. After exposure to different level of Al3+, the growth parameters such as shoot length, root length, fresh and dry weight of rice seedlings were significantly (P<0.05) inhibited in the studied genotypes compared to the control seedlings. Significant (P<0.05) reduction in SPAD index, chlorophyll and carotenoid content was observed in all rice seedlings under high concentration of Al3+. Higher concentration of Al3+ also alters the photo system (PS) II activity, as revealed in the reduction in the values of maximal fluorescence (Fm), maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII (Fv/Fm), yield of photochemical efficiency [Y(II)] and photosynthetic quenching (qP) with concomitant increase of minimal fluorescence (Fo) and non-photosynthetic quenching (NPQ). The antioxidant enzymes activities such as superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase and guaiacol peroxidase were increased in rice seedlings under elevated Al3+ concentrations. Taken together, hill rice landraces namely; Kalajeera, Machakanta, Haladichudi showed superior photochemical activity and better antioxidant protection than that of IR 64 cultivar. These hill rice landraces are identified as potential donors for the Al3+ tolerance breeding program.

Key words:    Antioxidant enzymes, Al3+ tolerance, chlorophyll fluorescence, traditional rice

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