Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 14 No. 4 2018, pp. 46-53 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2018 by  Rajesh Khanduji Jadhav

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Physicocytological Invigoration of Root Meristematic Chromosomal Anomalies of Celosia argentia L. by the Genetic Potential Stress Inflence of Water Hyacinth Deproteinized Foliage Whey

Rajesh Khanduji Jadhav

  DG Ruparel College, University of Mumbai, Mahim, Mumbai, 400016, India


Received December 3, 2018

In earlier studies, high concentration of DPJ from various forages inhibited germination, induced mutations in some seedlings and caused phytotoxic phenotypical changes in plants during growth. The physiological changes were absence of leaves and presence of more stipules in few pea plants. DPJ obtained from Lucerne and Eicchornia crassipes found causing chromosomal aberrations at high concentrations i.e at 0.50%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% in onion and garlic root meristems during the process of mitosis. It showed normal growth of Celosia plants by the effect of Eicchornia DPJ, when the concentrations are increased from 0.1 to 1 % level.
The objective of research is to determine DPJ as mutagenic agent for effecting the cell chromosomal changes for the purpose to optimize the crops physiologically and genetically by its stress application.
During present investigation, the so called antipathogen water hyacinth DPJ potentiality changed the chromosomal response of Celosia at 1.5 %, and 2 % high concentrations. It was compared with the control. Celosia consists of the anomalous secondary growth in the root or stem. In mitotic study, mostly restitution prophases and unorientation of anaphases were found in the germinated seedling somatic cells because of the exogenous application of DPJ to the seeds.

Key words:    Germination, growth, root meristem, phenols, amino acids, stress, mutation, restitution prophases, phenotypic, chromosomes

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