Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, Vol. 12 No. 2 2016, pp. 5-10 ISSN 1997-0838
Original Text Copyright (cc) 2016 by  Alen’kina and Nikitina

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QueryDate : 2016-12-24
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Plant Cell Protolytic Enzymes Activity under Exposure to Lectins of Endophytic and Epiphytic Azospirillum Strains

S.A. Alen’kina, V.E. Nikitina

  Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 Prospekt Entuziastov, Saratov 410049, Russian Federation


Received January 27, 2016

We studied the ability of lectins isolated from the surface of the two strains of nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria of the genus Azospirillum, A. brasilense Sp7 (epiphytic) and A. brasilense Sp245 (endophytic), to show have a regulating effect on the activity of pectinolytic enzymes in the roots of wheat seedlings. Research results showed that the lectins under study can cause the induction of the activity of polygalacturonase, pectinesterase, pectatlyase from the plant cell wall, thereby ensuring the bacteria penetration in the plant tissues, as well as the induction of plants responses which, being combined with growth-stimulating effect of bacteria, contributes to the formation of plants stability and productivity.

Key words:    Azospirillum brasilense, lectins, wheat-seedling roots, pectatlyase, polygalacturonase, pectinesterase

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